Questions on carbon dating
A nitrogen atom hit by one of these neutrons changes into a C-14 atom and ejects a protein.
If a moving neutron enters a nitrogen nucleus, a proton comes flying out, and the nitrogen atom is changed to an atom of C-14. The constancy of C-14 in our atmosphere depends on the cosmic rays coming into the atmosphere at the same rate.
Carbon is found in all of our cells, including bone cells. A very small part of the carbon in our body is radioactive C-14, which does change to a nitrogen atom.
Carbon atoms such as we have in the living body are two kinds. C-14, thus, disappears, like sand running through the hourglass.
Since carbon comes from the air, does the amount of carbon-14 in the air remain constant?
Much of the carbon in the air is C-12, but a small amount of it is C-14.
If the scientist can find out how much of this material was in the bone when the animal died, and if he knows how fast it disappears, and if he can measure the amount still left in the bone, he has something like a natural hourglass. Carbon is one of the most important atoms in the living system.
Carbon is present in proteins, fats and carbohydrates – the three basic foods.
If the ratio of C-14 to C-12 was much less in the past for any reason, then false dates would be given to such fossils.Let's consider the Flood and use what is called the "canopy theory." There is some evidence for a canopy surrounding the Earth before the Flood.The canopy would probably not stop all the cosmic rays themselves, but a good deal of the scatter radiation would be reduced. Thus, there would be a few neutrons and fewer C-14 atoms formed.Anything that was once alive or that was produced by a living thing can be dated by using the radiocarbon method of dating.This method, which received widespread attention in connection with the Dead Sea Scrolls, relies on the fact that all living things take in carbon, some of which is very slightly radioactive. To hear some people tell it, scientists have nearly absolute confidence in the dating methods they use.