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Then the interest in biofuels declined until the first and second oil crisis (19). Department of Agriculture, and stakeholders to design and implement this new program.
The Department of Energy established the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in 1974 and started to work in 1977. Congress also voted the Energy Policy Act in 1994 and a newer in 2005 to promote renewable fuels. The EPA announced that the 2009 Renewable Fuel Standard will require most refiners, importers, and non-oxygenate blenders of gasoline to displace 10.21% of their gasoline with renewable fuels such as ethanol.
Flex-fuel vehicles are assisting in this transition because they allow drivers to choose different fuels based on price and availability.
It should also be noted that the growing ethanol and biodiesel industries are providing jobs in plant construction, operations, and maintenance, mostly in rural communities.
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For example, models of Ford T ran with ethanol fuel.The reassessed statutory requirements also incorporate new criteria for both renewable fuels and for the feedstocks used to produce them, including lifecycle greenhouse gas emission thresholds. The 2009 RFS is also pushing up against what is known as the "blend wall".The current National Renewable Fuel Standard program (RFS1) was established under the Energy Policy Act of 2005, which amended the Clean Air Act by establishing the first national renewable fuel standard. To address the blend wall issue, DOE and others are studying the use of mid-range blends, such as E15 and E20, for use in standard gasoline-burning vehicles.Allowing all gasoline blends to contain up to 20% ethanol would double the potential market for ethanol.In May 2009, the EPA released proposed revisions to the National Renewable Fuel Standard program.